How to Grow Peas in Yor Garden

Peas are one of the most sought after of all our garden cultures. There are several reasons for this, and one is the first harvest after a long winter or maybe because the freshly eaten peas are one of the most delicious things you can eat. The second is certainly rich in proteins, vitamins and many minerals. In other words, he has many health benefits.

Varieties

There are a few different types to choose from: snow peas are eaten in their pods, snap peas can be eaten in the pod when immature or shelled as the peas grow bigger and garden/shell peas are shelled before eating. We usually grow either garden peas or sugar snap peas and usually shell them before eating.

Burpee Super Snappy peas are the biggest of the sugar snap peas. The pods contain between eight and ten peas. You can let the pods dry and remove just the peas to use, but like other sugar snap pea varieties, the pod is just as delicious. Enjoy the entire pod with peas fresh, in savory dishes like stir-fries, or preserve them by freezing. For a pea, Super Snappy is unique among varieties in that it does not need a support on which to grow. The plant will only grow to about 2 feet tall (.6 m.), or a little taller, and is sturdy enough to stand on its own

How to Grow Peas

Planting

Peas can also be planted in late summer for a fall crop. Planting in late summer lets the peas take off as the cool weather of fall sets in.

Plant peas about 6 to 10 weeks before your first average frost date.

You will be able to harvest up until the first hard frost. The pea plants can then be pulled and composted.

As a general rule of thumb, a fall harvest of peas will not be as prolific as a spring planting.

Mulch

Once planted, peas benefit greatly from mulch. A two to three inch layer of compost or straw works wonders.

Mulch helps to keep the soil temperatures regulated, and conserves moisture as well. The compost mulch even provides a bit of extra nutrients to the peas as well.

It is important to harvest peas regularly. Pea plants will continue to produce blooms as long as the plant is not overloaded.

If it becomes too heavy with peas, it is a signal to the plant to stop producing new blooms. When warm weather finally puts an end to new blooms, simply pull up the plants and compost.

Soil

Peas are a cool climate plant. It prefers sandy loam soil with a great drainage facility. A pH level of 6.5 to 7.5 is generally ideal for peas. In case your soil is much more acidic than this add dolomite or lime with the soil to bring it to this optimum level.

Fertilize

Peas are one of such a plant that requires very less fertilization. With the help of the nitrogen-fixing bacteria in their roots, they can manage their share of nitrogen.

Though you have to add other nutrients from time to time you rarely need to add nitrogen. An excess amount of nitrogen can result in lush foliage and reduction in pods. Please keep this in mind in case you prepare your own compost, and add a lesser amount of nitrogen-rich materials.

Watering

Peas are one of such a plant that requires very less fertilization. With the help of the nitrogen-fixing bacteria in their roots, they can manage their share of nitrogen.

Though you have to add other nutrients from time to time you rarely need to add nitrogen. An excess amount of nitrogen can result in lush foliage and reduction in pods. Please keep this in mind in case you prepare your own compost, and add a lesser amount of nitrogen-rich materials.

How to Harvest Peas

One important tip for harvesting. Don’t pull out the roots while harvesting rather cut off the stem above the ground level. The roots contain nitrogen-fixing bacteria. Allow these root to rot down in the soil to increase the nitrogen content of the soil which will be beneficial for the next plant in that soil.

The root system of a pea plant is not very deep. So while picking the pods use both of your hands, one to hold the vines and pick the pods with the other one. To increase the pod yields you need to pick them regularly. The yield will be reduced in case the overly matured pods are left in the vines.

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